牛牛美文 情感日志 《金银岛》 作者简介、人物简介 英文的
2021-08-27 11:41 星期五

《金银岛》 作者简介、人物简介 英文的

《金银岛》作者简介

罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森

Robert Louis Stevenson

罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森,19世纪后半叶英国伟大的小说家。代表作品有长篇小说《金银岛》《化身博士》《绑架》《卡特丽娜》等。

早期他到处游历,为其创作积累了资源,后期致力于小说创作,取得了极高的成就,其作品风格独特多变,对20世纪现代主义文学影响巨大。

到了20世纪中期,评论家对其作品进行了新的评价,开始审视史蒂文森而且将他的作品放入西方经典中,并将他列为19世纪最伟大的作家之一。识。

Robert Louis Stevenson is a great English novelist in the second half of the 19th century. 

His representative works include the novel \”Treasure Island\”, \”Dr. Incarnate\”, \”Kidnapping\”, \”Katrina\” and so on. 

In his early years, he traveled everywhere and accumulated resources for his creation. In his later years, 

he devoted himself to the creation of novel and made great achievements. His style of work was unique and changeable,

which had great influence on modernist literature in the 20th century. By the middle of the twentieth century, critics had made a new evaluation of Stevenson\’s works, 

began to examine Stevenson and put his works into Western classics, and listed him as one of the greatest writers in the nineteenth century. Knowledge.

人物简介 

1、吉姆·霍金斯

JimHawkin s

吉姆勇敢、机智,富有冒险精神。不过,他性格的形成既来自生活的历练,也得自对榜样的学习。在吉姆的身边,有沉着冷静的利夫西医生,正直高尚的乡绅屈利劳尼,细心机敏的船长斯摩利特还有阴险狡诈却精明过人的海盗西尔弗。

在不断的冒险历程中,吉姆吸收了身边大人们的一些品质,到后来他身上体现出来的沉稳老练,丝毫不逊色于他的大人伙伴们,他甚至还吸收了西尔弗善于分析、思维缜密的特点。

所以他敢于偷偷地溜上海盗的小船;当他感到船上的朋友们不理他的时候,他一冲动就跟海盗们上了岸;

而在岸e5a48de588b63231313335323631343130323136353331333431343130上与海盗对峙的时候,他再一次离开大伙儿,历尽艰辛夺回了大船。通过磨难和历险,在故事结束之时,吉姆的成熟与开篇时候的懵懂已经截然不同。

吉姆形象的塑造,在于作者对英雄主义理想的呼唤,不一定是呼唤古代神话中阿喀琉斯式的那种英雄,而是那种在平凡时代能够勇于探索未知世界。

在巨大危险威胁下,能够克服怯懦、勇敢无畏的英雄主义精神。在拜金主义横行英雄逐步退隐的19世纪后期,这种精神尤为可贵。 

Jim is brave, resourceful and adventurous. However, the formation of his character comes from

both life experience and learning from examples. By Jim\’s side were Dr. Livsey, a calm and dignified squire, 

Trelawney, a careful and agile captain, Smollett, and Silver, a cunning but shrewd pirate. 

During his constant adventure, Jim absorbed some of the qualities of the adults around him. Later, he was as sophisticated as his adult partners.

He even absorbed Silver\’s analytical and thoughtful characteristics. So he dared to slip the pirate\’s boat secretly; when he felt that his friends on board ignored him,

he impulsively went ashore with the pirates; and when confronted with the pirates on the shore,

he left the group again and took back the boat through all the hardships. Through hardships and adventures,

Jim\’s maturity at the end of the story was quite different from his ignorance at the beginning. 

The portrayal of Jim\’s image lies in the author\’s call for heroic ideals, not necessarily the Achilles-like 

heroes in ancient mythology, but the heroic spirit that can bravely explore the unknown world in ordinary 

times and overcome cowardice and courage under the threat of great danger. 

This spirit was particularly valuable in the late 19th century, when money worship prevailed and heroes gradually faded away. 

2、约翰·西尔弗

John Silver

西尔弗是小说中是一个比较成功的形象。他性格复杂,既有严重的道德缺陷,也有还未泯灭的良心。他诡计多端、老奸巨猾。他的真实身份就是“船长”日夜为之胆战心惊的“独腿水手”。

他假扮成船上的厨师,取得了医生、乡绅等人的信任,同时笼络其他水手进行叛变。在形势急转直下的时候,他为自已留一条后路,出面保护吉姆,不让其他海盗加害于他。

最后西尔弗抛弃了发狂的海盗们,加入了吉姆的阵营,帮他们打败了叛徒。

在返航途中,他显然害怕回国后受到惩罚,偷了一笔钱逃之天天。西尔弗从个人利益出发,在两个阵营中不断摇摆,前后五次倒戈,这个人物的善与恶、优点与缺点随着他的生活轨迹此起彼伏,代表了一种极端个人主义意识。

Silver is a relatively successful image in the novel. His personality is complex, with both serious moral defects 

and an undefeated conscience. He is crafty and cunning. His real identity is \”captain\” who is frightened day and night by \”one-legged sailor\”.

He disguised himself as a cook on the boat and gained the trust of doctors, squires and others, 

while bringing other sailors to mutiny. When the situation turned sharply, he left a way for himself to protect Jim from other pirates. 

Finally Silver abandoned the mad pirates and joined Jim\’s camp to help them defeat the traitors.

On the way back, he was apparently afraid of being punished and stole a sum of money to escape everyday.

Silver started from his personal interests, wavered in the two camps, and went back and forth five times. 

The character\’s good and evil, advantages and disadvantages fluctuated one after another along with his life trajectory, representing an extreme individualism consciousness.

扩展资料

金银岛(英国史蒂文森著小说作品)

《金银岛》是英国小说家罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森创作的一部长篇小说,创作于1881年,作品于1881年10月至1882年1月以《金银岛,或伊斯班袅拉号上的暴乱》为题在《小伙子》上发表,

作者的署名是“乔治·诺斯船长”,1883年出版单行本。

《金银岛》讲述的是18世纪中期英国少年吉姆从垂危水手彭斯手中得到传说中的藏宝图,在当地乡绅支援下组织探险队前往金银岛。

并与冈恩众人智斗海盗,最终平息了叛变并成功取得宝藏的故事。《金银岛》体现了东方主义“东方化”和“包容”东方的愿望,金银岛及岛上财宝代表着被东方主义扭曲了的东方形象。

参考资料来源:百度百科.罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森

参考资料来源:百度百科.金银岛

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